To talk about data storage devices and the first thing that many people think of are bolstering small rectangular structures i.e hard drives. Now there is a new alternative, more radical to hard drives is living bacteria. Yeah, yields that living bacteria can save data in their cells. Scientists have discovered a way to make Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive.
Report : Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive
A squad of scientists from Harvard University, guided by geneticists Seth Shipman and Jeff Nivala have published an article in Science Journal. It analyses with a reasonable amount of success in which they were examining a method. Changing the living bacterial cells in units of microscopic hard drive. The techniques scientists used virtually fool bacteria into copying actual system code in its DNA without negotiating their own cellular liveliness. Besides this, the bacterial cell passes the data saved on their progeny which is basically as backups of your data. Scientists have tried this before, but with synthetic DNA. However this time they finally made Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive. This experiment also gives the chance for transferring 100 bytes of data, almost 10 times more than it is possible with artificial DNA.
The type of bacteria used is important in upcoming years. For turning Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive, the scientists used E.coli which saves in a fairly respectable memory of 100 bytes. Nonetheless, some bacteria like Sulfolobus tokodaii may be able to store 1000 of bytes.
How The Experiment Actually Processed
The technology behind turning Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive is called CRISPR. It is a gene editing technique that has created a huge buzz is in the field of genetic engineering. CRISPR has been the focus of the struggle with typical viruses like HIV as well as the birth of monkeys with custom mutations.
How Does CRISPR Works
CRISPR technique is a bit complex and very captivating. Well, CRISPR stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, has been captivating scientists since the 1980s. There is an essential secondary aspect to this technique called Cas (CRISPER-associated proteins). Cas helps to precisely slice DNA of any penetrating virus. Both work together to stop unwanted viruses. Now have become inherent to data storage and turning Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive is a great achivement.
Whenever a virus assaults a bacterium CRISPR helps to save the event in the DNA, for reference in case of further attacks. How? By storing microscopic segments of viral DNA itself, called spacers. The Harvard team calculated that the temporary rearrangement of the spacers could lay down the platform of a molecular recording device. Then they created something identical to fake viruses which were, literally strings of data. So when were implemented into bacteria, the fake viruses (which is mainly the data) was memorize in result stored by the bacterial cell. That is basically how data can be saved in hard drives in the future.
Certainly, it’s not a perfect system. CRISPR technique has not worked in all bacteria which is being tested, only few. In addition, only the parts of DNA that contains the code data are trimmed. In order to copy the entire data, one might have to copy the same DNA code in a larger population of bacteria. The size of the data is also far from what can be considered really compelling. However, 100 bytes is sufficient for a ballad, for now. Well, considering that we would able to save data in Living Bacteria Into A Hard Drive in upcoming years we assume that
“Bacteria On Your Thumb Could One Day Become A Real Thumb Drive”
For More Info Visit- http://gizmodo.com/living-bacteria-can-now-store-data-1781773517