Frequently Used Hard Drive Related Terms

Tech savvy people use different kinds of technical terms associated with hard drives like Partitions, FAT, Bad sector, Click of death, MBR, Fsck etc. I bet! You would have also come across these words once in a while as they are most important words related to HHD. However, have you ever wondered what does they actually means? If not, then you must know because nowadays everyone owns a PC or a laptop which has an hard drive to store data or an external drive/ SSD. Well, Technical words can get astounding, particularly when they embody too many 3 letter acronyms. Even people that use these terms generally have to be compelled to step back and bear in mind what they are talking regarding. So below are some of the most frequently used hard drive related terms & their substantial meanings explained briefly.

Frequently Used Hard Drive Related Terms

Partitions: When referring to a computer hard drive, a disk partition or partition is a poortion of the hard drive that is separated from other segments. Partitions help enable users to divide a computer hard drive into different drives or different portions for a number of reasons. For example, giving multiple operating systems to run on the same device.

Bad sector: The bad sector is any bug or defect with the PC hard drive. If you encounter bad sectors, it’s a powerful indication that the disc drive is defected or is already damaged. Though disc drive utilities like ScanDisk will mark every bad sector to be skipped, it’s extremely suggested that you just take into account replacement of the drive in upcoming days and make sure that you have got backup of all necessary files.

Flash RAM: Silicon chips which, in contrast to different kinds of RAM, has the capacity to acquire data without an electrical current. This is vital function which makes hard drives helpful in storing data.

Source: http://www.pcworld.com/article/262323/what_do_hard_drive_related_words_like_sata_ide_and_raid_actually_mean_.html

SSD:It stands for Solid state drive which is basically a non-volatile storage packaged in an hard disk drive like form architecture. SSDs are typically quicker than HDDs and also use less power, and are less seemingly to be broken by a fall or shock. They conjointly value way more than HDD in per GB. These are the Frequently Used Hard Drive Related Terms.

Used Hard Drive Related Terms

Click of death : Click of death is a casual dialect word that is used to describe the noise created by the PC if the drive mechanism, actuator arm, or head starts to malfunction. If the system still able to boot you must backup all vital data on the system before the hard drive completely fails. When the computer can’t boot at all, all data on the drive has been lost and therefore the drive ought to get replaced.

Boot Sector: It is portion on the floppy disk drive, hard drive, or other bootable disk drive that includes every instructions for computers on how to boot from the drive. IBM computers disk drives have various kinds of boot sectors; the master boot record (MBR), that is the first sector of a portioned hard drive and the volume boot record (VBR), which includes partition information at the starting of each partition.

Fsck : It is abbriviated as File System Check, usually fsck is a program thats runs on Linux, Unix, and their variants which checks the file system for any kind of errors. Users are accustomed with Microsoft Windows, this command is analogous to Microsoft’s scandisk command. Fsck operates in 2 modes, 1st one is the interactive mode and the other is non-interactive. Interactive Mode hints the user on every occasion it finds a ant error and work out whether or not the user wishes to repair the error or continue without repairing them. Non-Interactive Mode mechanically corrects errors without hinting the user.

SATA This terms means Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. The present going standard technology for connecting a hard drive or SSD to the rest of the computer.

MBR It is elaborated as Master Boot Record, MBR is additionally often deemed as the master boot block, master partition boot sector, and sector 0. The MBR is the 1st sector of the system hard drive which suggests the computer how to load the operating system, how the hard drive is partitioned.

IDE: Integrated Drive Electronics. The older standard that SATA replaced.

RAID: it stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks. 2 or additional drives working along to boost performance or redundancy. For example, in a RAID 0, two drives work as one larger and faster drive. Faster as a result of double as several drive heads are reading information at the same time. In a RAID 2, two drives contain the precise same files, in order that if one dies the other continues to work. Different configurations enable both speed and redundancy. Keep reading for more Frequently Used Hard Drive Related Terms.

FAT It stands as File Allocation Table, FAT is a technique of keeping track of the contents of a hard drive employed by early Microsoft operative systems. The table is a chart of numbers that correspond to cluster addresses on the hard drive. Below is a listing of the various varieties of FAT that are used and also the operating systems using them.

Related: http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/b/bootsect.htm

FAT8: It is the FAT, FAT8 was used on 8-inch floppies with the 8086 processor.

FAT12: A File Allocation Table which implements 12-bit binary system which was borrowed from FAT8. A hard drive formatted using FAT12 will use a most of roughly 16,736,256 volume size however nowadays is not in use. If your PC is running Windows 95 or above version and your FAT with FDISK is being displayed as FAT12 your hard drive is corrupted, bad or contains a malicious system virus.

FAT16: FAT utilizing a 16-bit binary system. Used with Windows 3.x to Windows 95.

FAT32: More Improved File Allocation Table which uses a 28-bit binary system, 1st employed in Windows 95 OSR2 and Windows 98, which saves hard drive space by implementing 4k Cluster. Nowadays, later versions of Microsoft Windows, like Windows XP, Vista, and 7 are using NTFS and not FAT.

NTFS: It abbreviated as New Technology File System, NTFS is a file organizational system which saves and accesses data placed on Microsoft Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP operating systems. NTFS gives better ways of data protection and file recovery than the earlier FAT file system versions. This concludes the list of Frequently Used Hard Drive Related Terms.

Related: http://www.computercraft.com/docs/evsterms.shtml

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